Faunal studies have shown that the ground-living non-aquatic fauna is dominated by ground beetles (Carabidae) and rove beetles (Staphylinidae). This report reviews the ecological literature on wetland and riparian species and encompasses morphological, behavioural and life history adaptations, habitats, studies on species assemblages and use in conservation assessment. It provides a guide to sampling methods and sources of information on species identification, distribution and ecology, and draws attention to the need for an improved regional network of museum reference collections. Selection of wetland species for inclusion in the review was based on the literature and a database of 870 samples. Each species is annotated with summary details of conservation status, main habitat and microhabitat and also an estimate of fidelity status.